Children are always learning – all day, every day, in every activity, interaction and experience. What should children know before they enter kindergarten? The answers vary. What should they learn in kindergarten? A lot! Kindergarten is a foundational year. It provides the building blocks of physical, social and emotional development, as well as the basics of language, literacy, thinking and cognitive skills. It is a time, too, when fine and gross motor skills are sharpened.